What is B.Sc.?

Bachelor of Science (BSc) is an undergraduate degree course usually of three years duration. It is one of the most popular course choices among Science students after Class 12th. Full form of BSc is Bachelor of Science (Baccalaureus Scientiae in Latin)
The course is considered as a foundation course for students who want make their career in the field of Science. It is offered in a variety of Science subjects at a majority of universities in India. Some of the popular BSc courses that students usually choose to pursue after Class 12th are BSc Physics, BSc Computer Science, BSc Chemistry, BSc Biology, BSc Mathematics, and so on.
A BSc course can be pursued as both a full-time or part-time course. Students can choose to pursue plain BSc or BSc (Honours). The course is most apt for students who have a strong interest and background in Science and Mathematics. The course is also beneficial for students who wish to pursue multi and inter-disciplinary science careers in future.

  • Bachelor or Arts is usually of three years duration.
  • As part of a BA course the students need to study five compulsory subjects along with few elective subjects. These subjects vary depending on the discipline selected by candidates
  • Candidates can pursue a BA course as a full time course or even as a part time course, correspondence course or in a distance education mode.
  • BA courses are offered by colleges under various streams such as Design, Hospitality, Mass Communication and Pure Humanities

After the completion of a BSc degree, candidates can opt to pursue Master of Science (MSc) or even secure admission in a professional job-oriented course.
Popular BSc Branches 
BSc IT (Information Technology)
BSc Computer Science
BSc Nursing
BSc Fashion Design
BSc Animation
BSc Hospitality
BSc Biotechnology
BSc Agriculture

Required Skillset for BSc

BSc serves as a foundation for candidates who have a keen interest to build a career in the field of Science. Basic skills and traits that candidates should have to pursue a BSc course are:
Skillset for BSc Candidates
Observation skills Problem-solving skills
Analytical skills Logical skills
Scientific skills Research skills
Experimental skills

BSc: Eligibility Criteria

In order to meet BSc eligibility criteria candidates should clear Class 12th in Science stream with minimum 50% - 60% aggregate marks from a recognised board. It may be noted that the minimum percentage required for BSc admissions may vary depending on the policy of a university/ college in which a candidate is applying.

Course curriculum for BSc

As already mentioned above, BSc can be pursued in different Science subjects, some of the popular ones being Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Computer Science, etc. Apart from this, candidates can also choose to pursue a BSc program course which focuses on all major subjects of Science. Given below is an overview of the subjects taught in BSc Physics, BSc Mathematics, BSc Chemistry and BSc Computer Science:


BSc Physics Course Curriculum

Mathematical Physics


Electricity and Magnetism

Waves and Optics


Technical Writing & Communication in English

Oscillations & Waves

Digital Systems and Applications

Digital Electronics

Microprocessors & Computer Programming

Thermal Physics



Mathematical Analysis & Statistics

Numerical Analysis

Quantum Mechanics and Applications

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Electronic Devices

Electromagnetic Theory

Statistical Mechanics

Solid State Physics

Nuclear & Particle Physics

Mechanics and Wave Motion

Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics

Elements of Modern Physics

Analog Systems and Applications


BSc Mathematics Course Curriculum



Basic Statistics & Probability

Real Analysis

Analytical Solid Geometry

Differential Equations


Data Structures and Operating Systems

Sequences & Series of Real Numbers


Abstract Algebra

Linear Programming

Theory of Real Functions

Ring Theory and Linear Algebra

Discrete Mathematics

Complex Analysis

Linear Programming & Its Applications

Numerical Analysis

Vector Analysis

Probability Theory


BSc Chemistry Course Curriculum

Inorganic Chemistry

Atomic Structure

Periodic Properties

Chemical Bonding

s-Block Elements

Chemistry of Noble Gasses

p-Block Elements

BSc Chemistry Course Curriculum

Organic Chemistry

Structure and Bonding

Mechanism of Organic Reactions

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds

Alkenes, Cycloalkenes, Dienes and Alkynes

Arenes and Aromaticity

Alkyl and Aryl Halides


BSc Chemistry Course Curriculum

Physical Chemistry

Mathematical Concepts


Gaseous States

Liquid State

Solid States

Colloidal States

Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis


BSc: Job Profiles & Top Recruiters

Depending on their respective subjects, BSc graduates can find jobs in various sectors such as educational institutes, healthcare industry, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology industry, chemical industry, research firms, testing laboratories, wastewater plants, oil industry, and the list continues. However, it is advisable that BSc students first complete their MSc degree and then look out for a job.

Required Skillset for BA

Candidates who want to pursue a BA course need to have interest in the subjects that they choose to pursue in the course. Some of the key skills that aspirants should have in order to pursue a BA course are as mentioned below:
Given below are popular job profiles that BSc graduates can take up after completing the course:
  • Research Scientist: A research scientist is responsible for undertaking as well as analysing information obtained from laboratory-based experiments and investigations. A research scientist may work for government labs, specialist research organisations and environmental organisations.
  • Scientific Assistant: A scientific assistant is a professional who provides complete support to the scientist in research. A scientific assistant is also responsible for performing and managing various administrative tasks.
  • Treasury Specialist: A treasury specialist is responsible for helping organisations increase profitability by assessing their periodic liquidity needs and investing excess cash in capital markets.
  • Market Research Analyst: A market research analyst researches and gathers data to help a company market its products or services. An analyst helps a company determine its position in the market by researching its competitors and analysing its sales, prices, etc.
  • Quality Control Manager: A quality control manager ensures that products of a particular company meet set quality and efficiency standards. The manager plans, directs and coordinates quality assurance programmes and also formulates various quality control policies.
  • Statistician: A statistician gathers different numerical data of a company and then displays it, thereby helping them to analyse quantitative data and spot trends.
  • Teacher: A Science teacher is typically involved in tasks such as preparing lesson-plans, evaluating student performances and teaching through lectures and technology.   
  • Technical Writer: A technical writer writes articles and prepares instruction manuals and other supporting documents to communicate technical information easily.
  • Lab Chemist: A lab chemist analyses chemicals and creates new compounds that are useful in different aspects of human life. Research and testing are two crucial job responsibilities of a lab chemist.

Frequently Asked Questions

 A Bachelor of Science (Hons) degree is considered to be superior to a Bachelor of Science degree.

Both are equally competent and have equally lucrative career opportunities or research options. Engineering concentrates more on the application sector via B.Sc concentrates on the theory of the phenomenon.

There are a large number of B.Sc courses which you can choose to pursue depending on your interest area like Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Physiology among others.

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