What is Chemical Engineering?

Chemical engineering is a discipline influencing numerous areas of technology. In broad terms, chemical engineers conceive and design processes to produce, transform and transport materials — beginning with experimentation in the laboratory followed by implementation of the technology in full-scale production.

Chemical engineers are in great demand because of the large number of industries that depend on the synthesis and processing of chemicals and materials. In addition to traditional careers in the chemical, energy and oil industries, chemical engineers enjoy increasing opportunities in biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, electronic device fabrication and environmental engineering. The unique training of the chemical engineer becomes essential in these areas when processes involve the chemical or physical transformation of matter

Core Subjects - Chemical Engineering as a discipline has come a long way. Various developments in chemical practices have paved the way for more advanced fields like Nano-Technology, Bio-Engineering, Bio-Molecular Engineering, Material processing or Meteorology and Industrial design. Thus, it is one of the most flourishing and fastest growing fields with global application in our everyday life. Modern innovations like human genome project, genetic engineering and DNA sequencing has changed the face how chemical engineering was earlier perceived.

Eligibility Criteria -

  • 10+2 Science with Physics, Chemistry, Maths is mandatory for admission into the graduation program of Chemical Engineering.
  • Entrance Exams are conducted for admission into B.E. or B.Tech.
  • A diploma in Chemical engineering gives the candidate a position of junior engineer and the course can be taken up after Class 10.
  • M.Tech can be pursued after completion of B.E. or B.Tech.
  • One can also pursue PhD after completion of postgraduate studies.

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Career and Job Prospects

Chemical Engineering provides a great career platform to the young masses. Chemical Engineering graduates can find jobs in the following sectors,

  • Food
  • Materials
  • Specialty Chemicals
  • Plastics
  • Power Production
  • Environmental Contro
  • Waste Management
  • Biotechnology

Topics covered in Chemical Engineering

The main topics covered in the course curricula of chemical engineering include thermodynamics, material science and engineering, biochemical engineering, safety engineering, environmental engineering, process instrumentation, petrol refinery engineering, high polymer engineering and fluid mechanics. These are covered in the syllabus of most major universities. Electives might include water treatment technology, computational fluid dynamics, food technology, surface coating, ceramic technology, rubber technology, bio-nanotechnology or industrial pollution control.

A syllabus for chemical engineering usually involves all common engineering subjects in the first year. From the second year onwards, specialized courses could include reaction engineering, chemical thermodynamics, surface science, chemical kinetics, fluid mechanics and catalysis, according to All About Education. Until their final year, students generally read about chemical processes and properties and cover topics such as chemical reactors and chemical thermodynamics. They might also begin experimenting with technology and devices. By the end of their studies, students will likely be exposed to pharmaceuticals, petroleum, polymers and chemicals, as well as computer and information technology as it relates to chemical engineering processes. Chemical engineering graduates might not need to pursue postgraduate education for employment. Higher studies are an option, but chemical engineering graduates will need to compete with a large pool of graduates for courses such as Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Chemistry, M.Sc. in Biology, M.Sc. in Pharmaceutical Chemistry or Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm.). Chemistry, biology and pharmacy graduates can all apply for the same field of work and study as chemical engineering graduates.

Colleges offering Chemical Engineering Courses in India
Some colleges that offer programs such as a Bachelor in Chemical Engineering or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Chemical Engineering are given below.

No. College/Institute
1 Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur
2 Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay
3 Indian Institute of Technology - Madras
4 Institute of Chemical Technology - Mumbai
5 National Institute of Technology - Tiruchirappalli
6 Birla Institute of Technology & Science, BITS Pilani


  • To ensure building and safety regulations, local authority and government regulations, acceptable standards for construction and drawing plans.
  • To contribute towards sustainable development
  • To develop a sharp, analytical and practical mind to ensure effective and productive output

Basic Requirements

A bachelor's degree in Engineering is the minimum requirement to become a qualified civil engineer. A post graduate degree is required for research or teaching posts and an additional degree in business administration is desirable for management positions. Selection to the graduate courses (B.E. / B. Tech.) is based on merit i.e. the marks secured in the final exams of 10+2 and through

Job Perspectives

There will always be a need for Chimical Engineers as there is a consistent demand to maintain and repair existing facilities and structures and to construct new ones. After graduation one can look for jobs in road projects, building work, consultancy firms, quality testing laboratories or housing societies. According to the experts there is a high demand for experienced Chimical engineers in developed countries. Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government, the railways, private construction companies, military, engineering services, consultancy services etc. Chimical engineering graduates can do research work and take up teaching or they can open their own independent consultancy services. Middle Eastern countries provide employment opportunities especially Dubai where Chimical Engineers can reap the benefit of opportunities owing to the number of construction projects they have.

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