MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)?

What is MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)?

Master of Dental Surgery or MDS course is a master level degree for student who have graduated in Dental Science. MDS degree as recognised by Dental Council of India (DCI) is offered in various specialisations including Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Periodontology, Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontics and Oral Medicine and Radiology.

MDS is a full time degree of two years duration with specialisations for diseases related to Tooth, Jaw and other Facial tissues, dental science is dealing to help in maintaining oral health. Moreover, for surgeries such as dental implants, artificial replacements, treating Jaw and Gum related diseases and surgeries, correcting misaligned/dispositioned teeth and jaw, treating dental tissues, facial diseases diagnosis and surgeries and also, cosmetic treatments.

MDS Entrance Exams

Admissions to MDS courses is based on Medical Entrance Exams that students need to qualify to be eligible for medical institutes and colleges in India. Some of the pu

  • NIMS Entrance Exam
  • AIIMS PG Entrance Exam

MDS Skillset
Some of the important skills required to pursue MDS course and career are -
Ability to work in Critical and Dynamic Environment Dedication towards professional commitments and medical ethics
Desire for knowledge and learning new research Scientific Research and Development Skills
Sharp Memory and Prompt Approach Communication and Interpersonal Skills
Counselling and caring skills Approachable and Empathetic skills
Medical writing skills Patience and Perseverance

MDS Specialisations:

Specialisation Description
Prosthodontics Restoration and maintenance of oral function, health, comfort and appearance by the replacement of missing or lost natural teeth and associated tissues either by fixed or removable artificial substitutes.
Periodontics health and diseases of the investing and supporting structures of the teeth and oral mucous membrane
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects of the human jaws and associated oral and facial structures
Conservative Dentistry prevention and treatment of the diseases and injuries of the hard tissues and the pulp of the tooth and associated periapical lesions
Orthodontics prevention and correction of oral anomalies and malocclusion and the harmonising of the structures involved, so that the Dental mechanism will function in a normal way
Oral Pathology nature of oral diseases, their causes, processes and effects. It relates the clinical manifestation of oral diseases to the physiologic and anatomic changes associated with these diseases
Community Dentistry preventing and controlling Dental diseases and promoting Dental health through organised community efforts

prevention and treatment of oral and Dental ailments that may occur during childhood
Oral Medicine and Radiology basic diagnostic procedures and techniques useful in recognising the diseases of the oral tissues of local and constitutional origin and their medical management x-rays and their uses in diagnosis andtreatment of diseases in relation to orofacial diseases

MDS Syllabus

The syllabus for MDS in Applied Basic Science is common for all specialisations as per the regulations of Dental Council of India. Check below MDS Syllabus -

General Syllabus for all MDS Specialisation

Basic Sciences Syllabus


Applied Anatomy

Development of face, palate, mandible and maxilla

Muscles of facial expression and muscles of mastication

Development of tooth

Temporo mandibular joint


Salivary glands


a) Anaphylaxis,

b) Type 2 hypersensitivity,

c) Type 3 hypersensitivity,

d) Cell mediated reaction and its clinical importance, e) System lupus erythematosus,

f) Infection and infective granulomas

Biology and anatomy of dental tissues (enamel, dentin, cementum, pulp and periodontium


a) Classification of tumors, b) Carcinogenesis and carcinogen – chemical, viral and microbial,

c) Grading and staging of cancers, tumor, Angiogenesis, Paraneoplastic syndrome,

d) Spread of tumors,

e) Characteristics of benign and malignant tumors

Oral Cavity and vestibule


a) AIDS,

b) Hepatitis B

Blood groups

CYSTS- Classification, types (esp. Dental, dentigereous)

RBC and haemoglobin

Pathology of oral soft and hard tissues

WBC Function and classification

Dental plaque

Cardiac cycle

Dental caries

Regulation of blood pressure

Attrition, Abrasion and erosion of teeth

Shock, hypertension, cardiac failure

Oral Manifestations of systemic diseases

Composition function and regulation of saliva


Mastication and deglutition

Applied General Microbiology:

a) Gram positive bacteria,

b) Gram negative bacteria,

c) Aerobes and anaerobes,

d) Microbiology of tuberculosis

Endocrine system:

a) Pituitary hormone

b) Thyroid hormone

c) Parathyroid hormone

Oral Microbiology – normal oral flora, Sterilization and disinfection, Microbiology of pulpal and periodontal diseases

Gerodontics: Nutrition in geriatric patients, Consequences and management of age changes



General and local anesthetics, hypnotics, anti-epileptics and tranquilizers


a) Digestion of starch and absorption of glucose,

b) Metabolism of glucose, specifically glycolysis, TCA, c) Blood sugar regulation

Chemotherapeutics and antibiotics

Lipids – Essential and non-essential fatty acids

Analgesics, antipyretics and NSAID

Proteins – Essential and non-essential amino acids

Antiseptics, sialogogues and anti sialogogues


a) Calcium and Phosphorous metabolism,

b) Iron Metabolism,

c) Trace elements in nutrition


Vitamins – Vitamin A,B (All types) C,D & E



Structure of matter and principles of adhesion


a) Repair and regeneration, necrosis and gangrene,

b) Roll of complement system in acute inflammation,

c) Roll of Arachidonic acid and its metabolites in acute inflammation,

d) Pulpitis and periodontitis

Physical properties of Dental Materials


a) Pathogenesis of hemorrhagic, neurogenic, septic, cardiogenic shock,

b) Circulatory disturbances, c) Ischaemic hyperemia,

d) Venous congestion,

e) Edema,

f) Infarction

Overview of materials for dental applications with special reference to standards for

Study of epithelium of oral cavity

Mechanical Properties of Dental materials

Bone and tooth

Solidification and microstructure of Metals


Equilibrium phases in cast alloys

Salivary glands

Dental Polymers


Impression Material

Physiology and function of the masticatory system

Gypsum Products

Blood coagulation mechanisms

Dental Waxes

Vitamins A, B complex, C,D,E,K and trace elements

Casting Investments and procedures


Finishing and Polishing materials with special reference to bur design


Bonding for direct restorative materials

Desensitizing agents

Restorative resins


Dental Casting and soldering alloys

Dental Material Science

Wrought alloys except orthodontic wires and brackets

Overview of materials for dental applications with special reference to standards for

Dental Ceramics

dental materials

Denture base resins

Biocompatibility of Dental Materials

Dental Implants


Materials for maxillofacial prosthetics


Materials for post and core

Mandible and maxilla


MDS Jobs and Career Opportunities

Job Profiles

Average Salary


Rs. 5.80 Lakh and above

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon

Rs. 6.70 Lakh and above


Rs. 5.90 Lakh and above

Oral Surgeon

Rs. 5 Lakh and above


Rs. 5.52 Lakh and above

General Dentist

Rs. 3 Lakh and above

MDS Top Recruiters

The top recruiters for medical and health sciences degree holders are majorly Hospitals, Medical Research Centres, and Pharmaceuticals etc. A person holding degree in medical and health sciences can also practice from their own clinic after getting practising licence from the medical association.

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals

  • Medanta Hospitals

  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd.

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co. Ltd.

  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital

  • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre

  • Wockhardt Ltd.

  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd.

  • Cipla Ltd.

  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd.

Frequently Asked Questions

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